Ware/Ware Family

Eastern Sigillata A (ESA)

Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean

Hellenistic, Roman

2nd century BCE - 2nd century CE

Ware/Ware Family: Eastern Sigillata A (ESA)

Ware/Ware Family Name, Origin, and Date

Eastern Sigillata A (ESA)

Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean

2nd century BCE - 2nd century CE

Hellenistic, Roman

General Information

This was the first of many Eastern Mediterranean fine wares, which are characterized by a glossy red-slipped surface. A typology and chronology of this ware were published by John W. Hayes in 1985, and it has since been widely used. ESA was first produced in the middle of the 2nd century BCE, and after only a few decades, it “attained a distinct character with a design of its own” (Lund 2015, 164). In the late 2nd century BCE, the exportation of the ware began, and it reached its peak in the second half of the 1st century BCE. It has been found in many places throughout the Levant, including the eastern and southern shores of Cyprus.

Earlier/Alternative Names
Description

Very clean, moderately hard, dense light pinkish brown (5YR 7/4-7.5YR 8/4) with no visible inclusions, fully fired. Semi lustrous to lustrous smooth red slip, applied by dipping vessels into vat of slip. Often a darker band of slip appears across the middle of the vessel, from that portion having been dipped into the slip twice.

Associated Petro-fabrics
Associated Kilns/Workshops
Site Distribution

Coptos (Egypt/Upper Egypt)

Akko, Railway Station (Israel/Northern Coastal Plain)

Qedesh (Israel/Galilee)

Antiocheia ad Cragum (Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean)

Kinet Höyük (Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean)

Sirkeli Höyük (Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean)

Zeugma (Turkey/Central Euphrates)

Vessels
Break Photos
Petrographic Samples
Bibliography
  1. John Lund. A Study of the Circulation of Ceramics in Cyprus from the 3rd Century BC to the 3rd Century AD. Gösta Enbom Monographs 5. Denmark: Aarhus University Press, 2015
Acknowledgements