Petro-fabric Information

Northern Levantine-Cypriot Ophiolitic

Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean, Syria/Coast/An-Nusayriah Mountains, Cyprus/Eastern South Coast, Cyprus/Troodos mountains

No raw material information

ophiolitic belts (complexes)

<p>In the Levant, two ophiolite complexes are exposed in the area of northwest Syria and the related Hatay province in present-day Turkey: the Kizilda massif in the southwestern part of the Amanos range in the Hatay, and the Ba`r-Bassit massif south of the lower Orontes plain. More faraway are those, forming the Troodos massif in southwestern Cyprus, the Mersin and Pozanti-Karsanti massifs in Cilicia, and the Kizilda massif in Hatay Province, Turkey (Whitechurch et al. 1984; Mikhailov and Ponikarov 1986; Tekeli and Erendil 1986; Constantinou G. 1995; Şenel 2002a;Şenel 2002b). The ultrabasic rocks, like peridotite, olivinite, dunite, or melagabbro, are also mentioned in the context of the Ophiolithic belts around the Mediterranean basin (Brinkman 1976:48―49; Dixon and Robertson 1984: 320―323, 455―460). Bibliography for maps Constantinou G. 1995 (revised). Geological Map of Cyprus 1:250000. Nicosia. Mikhailov I. and Ponikarov V. 1986. <em>Geological Map of Syria 1:1000000.</em> Damaskus. Şenel M.(editor) 2002a. <em>Geological Map of Turkey 1:500000, Adana</em>. Institute of Mineral Research and Exploration. Ankara, Turkey. Şenel M. (editor) 2002b. <em>Geological Map of Turkey 1:500000, Hatay</em>. Institute of Mineral Research and Exploration. Ankara, Turkey.</p>

<p>Ophiolite complex (belt), represents a case when the oceanic crust and upper mantle that have been thrust up onto continental crust and are now found in mountains, mainly along continental margins. Complete ophiolite suite consists from bottom to top of peridotite, gabbro, sheeted dikes, basalt with pillow lavas and sedimentary rocks. The peridotite is considered to be an upper mantle rock, while the remainder of the sequence consists of ocean crustal layers. As a consequence of its formation at spreading ridges, the ophiolites experience ocean-floor metamorphism characterized by assemblages of green-schist and amphibolite facies. In the Levant, two ophiolite complexes are exposed in the area of northwest Syria and the related Hatay province in present-day Turkey: the Kizilda massif in the southwestern part of the Amanos range in the Hatay, and the Ba`r-Bassit massif south of the lower Orontes plain. More faraway are those, forming the Troodos massif in southwestern Cyprus, the Mersin and Pozanti-Karsanti massifs in Cilicia, and the Kizilda massif in Hatay Province, Turkey (Whitechurch et al. 1984; Mikhailov and Ponikarov 1986; Tekeli and Erendil 1986; Constantinou G. 1995; Şenel 2002a;Şenel 2002b). The ultrabasic rocks, like peridotite, olivinite, dunite, or melagabbro, are also mentioned in the context of the Ophiolithic belts around the Mediterranean basin (Brinkman 1976:48―49; Dixon and Robertson 1984: 320―323, 455―460). Bibliography for maps Constantinou G. 1995 (revised). Geological Map of Cyprus 1:250000. Nicosia. Mikhailov I. and Ponikarov V. 1986. <em>Geological Map of Syria 1:1000000.</em> Damaskus. Şenel M.(editor) 2002a. <em>Geological Map of Turkey 1:500000, Adana</em>. Institute of Mineral Research and Exploration. Ankara, Turkey. Şenel M. (editor) 2002b. <em>Geological Map of Turkey 1:500000, Hatay</em>. Institute of Mineral Research and Exploration. Ankara, Turkey.</p>

Petrofabric: Northern Levantine-Cypriot Ophiolitic

Petro-fabric Name, Origin and Material

Northern Levantine-Cypriot Ophiolitic

Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean, Syria/Coast/An-Nusayriah Mountains, Cyprus/Eastern South Coast, Cyprus/Troodos mountains

ophiolitic belts (complexes)

General Information

In the Levant, two ophiolite complexes are exposed in the area of northwest Syria and the related Hatay province in present-day Turkey: the Kizilda massif in the southwestern part of the Amanos range in the Hatay, and the Ba`r-Bassit massif south of the lower Orontes plain. More faraway are those, forming the Troodos massif in southwestern Cyprus, the Mersin and Pozanti-Karsanti massifs in Cilicia, and the Kizilda massif in Hatay Province, Turkey (Whitechurch et al. 1984; Mikhailov and Ponikarov 1986; Tekeli and Erendil 1986; Constantinou G. 1995; Şenel 2002a;Şenel 2002b). The ultrabasic rocks, like peridotite, olivinite, dunite, or melagabbro, are also mentioned in the context of the Ophiolithic belts around the Mediterranean basin (Brinkman 1976:48―49; Dixon and Robertson 1984: 320―323, 455―460). Bibliography for maps Constantinou G. 1995 (revised). Geological Map of Cyprus 1:250000. Nicosia. Mikhailov I. and Ponikarov V. 1986. Geological Map of Syria 1:1000000. Damaskus. Şenel M.(editor) 2002a. Geological Map of Turkey 1:500000, Adana. Institute of Mineral Research and Exploration. Ankara, Turkey. Şenel M. (editor) 2002b. Geological Map of Turkey 1:500000, Hatay. Institute of Mineral Research and Exploration. Ankara, Turkey.

Description

Ophiolite complex (belt), represents a case when the oceanic crust and upper mantle that have been thrust up onto continental crust and are now found in mountains, mainly along continental margins. Complete ophiolite suite consists from bottom to top of peridotite, gabbro, sheeted dikes, basalt with pillow lavas and sedimentary rocks. The peridotite is considered to be an upper mantle rock, while the remainder of the sequence consists of ocean crustal layers. As a consequence of its formation at spreading ridges, the ophiolites experience ocean-floor metamorphism characterized by assemblages of green-schist and amphibolite facies. In the Levant, two ophiolite complexes are exposed in the area of northwest Syria and the related Hatay province in present-day Turkey: the Kizilda massif in the southwestern part of the Amanos range in the Hatay, and the Ba`r-Bassit massif south of the lower Orontes plain. More faraway are those, forming the Troodos massif in southwestern Cyprus, the Mersin and Pozanti-Karsanti massifs in Cilicia, and the Kizilda massif in Hatay Province, Turkey (Whitechurch et al. 1984; Mikhailov and Ponikarov 1986; Tekeli and Erendil 1986; Constantinou G. 1995; Şenel 2002a;Şenel 2002b). The ultrabasic rocks, like peridotite, olivinite, dunite, or melagabbro, are also mentioned in the context of the Ophiolithic belts around the Mediterranean basin (Brinkman 1976:48―49; Dixon and Robertson 1984: 320―323, 455―460).
Bibliography for maps
Constantinou G. 1995 (revised). Geological Map of Cyprus 1:250000. Nicosia.
Mikhailov I. and Ponikarov V. 1986. Geological Map of Syria 1:1000000. Damaskus.
Şenel M.(editor) 2002a. Geological Map of Turkey 1:500000, Adana. Institute of Mineral Research and Exploration. Ankara, Turkey.
Şenel M. (editor) 2002b. Geological Map of Turkey 1:500000, Hatay. Institute of Mineral Research and Exploration. Ankara, Turkey.

Associated Wares/Ware Families

2nd century BCE

Hellenistic


300-150 BCE

Early Hellenistic, Middle Hellenistic


4th - 2nd century BCE

Achaemenid Persian, Hellenistic


late 2nd century BCE - 2nd century CE

Hellenistic, Roman


Site Distribution

'Akko, Harbor (Israel/Northern Coastal Plain)

Ahihud (Israel/Galilee)

Asherat (Israel/Galilee)

Batiya (Israel/Hula Valley)

Gezer (Israel/Shephelah)

Horvat Omrit (Israel/Hula Valley)

Jerusalem, Ophel (Israel/Central Highlands)

Jerusalem, Western City (Israel/Central Highlands)

Kfar Maker (Israel/Galilee)

Maresha/Marisa (Israel/Shephelah)

Qedesh (Israel/Galilee)

Tel Anafa (Israel/Hula Valley)

Tel Dover (Israel/Galilee)

Kinet Höyük (Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean)

Sirkeli Höyük (Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean)

Vessels 116
Break Photos 43
Petrographic Samples 11
Bibliography
  1. Dixon J.E. and Robertson A.H.F. eds.. The Geological Evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean. Oxford: 1984
  2. Brinkman R. Geology of Turkey. Amsterdam: 1976
  3. Tekeli O. and Erendil M. "Geology and Petrology of the Kizildaĝ Ophiolite (Hatay)" Bulletin of the Mineral Resources and Exploration Institute of Turkey 107 (1986), 21–37
  4. Whitechurch H., Juteau T. and Montigny R. "Role of Eastern Mediterranean Ophiolites (Turkey, Syria, Cyprus) in the History of the Neo-Tethys. " in The Geological Evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean, ed(s). E. Dixon and A. H. F. Robertson. Oxford: 1984, 301–317
Discussion/Questions/Acknowledgements