Periods

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Name Location Start Date End Date Actions
Ceramic Neolithic Cyprus -4600 -4000
Early Chalcolithic Cyprus -4000 -3400
Middle Chalcolithic Cyprus -3600 -2700
Late Chalcolithic Cyprus -2700 -2400
Philia Cyprus -2400 -2300
Early Cypriot Cyprus -2300 -1950
Middle Cypriot I and II Cyprus -1950 -1750
Middle Cypriot III/Late Cypriot I Cyprus -1750 -1450
Late Cypriot II A-B Cyprus -1450 -1325
Late Cypriot II C Cyprus -1325 -1200
Late Cypriot III Cyprus -1200 -1050
Cypro Geometric I Cyprus -1050 -950
Cypro Geometric II Cyprus -950 -900
Cypro Geometric III Cyprus -900 -750
Cypro Archaic I Cyprus -750 -600
Cypro Archaic II Cyprus -600 -480
Cypro Classical I Cyprus -480 -400
Cypro Classical II Cyprus -400 -310
Hellenistic I Cyprus -310 -150
Hellenistic II Cyprus -150 -30
Roman Cyprus -30 330
Early Byzantine Cyprus 330 647
Arab Conflict Cyprus 647 965
Late Byzantine Cyprus 965 1191
Frankish Cyprus 1191 1489
Venetian Cyprus 1489 1571
Ottoman Cyprus 1571 1878
British Cyprus 1878 1960
EC Cyprus -2300 -1950
MC I-II Cyprus -1950 -1750
MC III-LC I Cyprus -1750 -1450
LC IIA-B Cyprus -1450 -1325
LC IIC Cyprus -1325 -1200
LC III Cyprus -1200 -1050
CG I Cyprus -1050 -950
CG II Cyprus -950 -900
CG III Cyprus -900 -750
Predynastic Egypt -6000 -3150
Early Dynastic Egypt -3150 -2663
Old Kingdom Egypt -2663 -2181
First Intermediate Period Egypt -2181 -2040
Middle Kingdom Egypt -2040 -1782
Second Intermediate Period Egypt -1782 -1570
New Kingdom Egypt -1570 -1070
Third Intermediate Period Egypt -1069 -525
Late Period Egypt -525 -332
Hellenistic Period Egypt -332 -31
Early Roman Period Egypt -31 135
Middle Roman Period Egypt 135 250
Late Roman Period Egypt 250 330
Byzantine Period Egypt 330 641
Early Islamic Period Egypt 641 1100
ED Egypt -3150 -2663
OK Egypt -2663 -2181
MK Egypt -2040 -1782
NK Egypt -1570 -1070
LP Egypt -525 -332
Ceramic Neolithic A Israel -6000 -5000
Ceramic Neolithic B Israel -5000 -4500
Chalcolithic Israel -4500 -3500
Early Bronze Age I Israel -3500 -3000
Early Bronze Age II Israel -3000 -2700
Early Bronze Age III Israel -2700 -2200
Early Bronze Age IV Israel -2200 -2000
Intermediate Bronze Age Israel -2200 -2000
Middle Bronze Age I Israel -2000 -1800
Middle Bronze Age II Israel -1800 -1650
Middle Bronze Age III Israel -1650 -1500
Late Bronze Age I Israel -1500 -1400
Late Bronze Age II Israel -1400 -1200
Iron Age I Israel -1200 -1000
Iron Age IIA Israel -1000 -900
Iron Age IIB Israel -900 -700
Iron Age IIC Israel -700 -586
Neo-Babylonian Period Israel -586 -539
Persian Period Israel -539 -332
Early Hellenistic Period Israel -332 -167
Late Hellenistic Period Israel -167 -63
Hasmonean Period Israel -167 -37
Herodian Period Israel -37 70
Early Roman Period Israel -63 132
Middle Roman Period Israel 132 250
Late Roman Period Israel 132 324
Byzantine Period Israel 324 638
Early Islamic Period Israel 638 1099
Ummayyad/Abbasid Periods Israel 638 1099
Frankish/Ayyubid Periods Israel 1099 1291
Later Islamic Period Israel 1291 1516
Fatimid/Mameluke Periods Israel 1291 1516
Ottoman Period Israel 1516 1917
Ceramic Neolithic A Jordan -6000 -5000
Ceramic Neolithic B Jordan -5000 -4500
Chalcolithic Jordan -4500 -3500
Early Bronze Age I Jordan -3500 -3000
Early Bronze Age II Jordan -3000 -2700
Early Bronze Age III Jordan -2700 -2200
Early Bronze Age IV Jordan -2200 -2000
Intermediate Bronze Age Jordan -2200 -2000
Middle Bronze Age I Jordan -2000 -1800
Middle Bronze Age II Jordan -1800 -1650
Middle Bronze Age III Jordan -1650 -1500
Late Bronze Age I Jordan -1500 -1400
Late Bronze Age II Jordan -1400 -1200
Iron Age I Jordan -1200 -1000
Iron Age IIA Jordan -1000 -900
Iron Age IIB Jordan -900 -700
Iron Age IIC Jordan -700 -586
Neo-Babylonian Period Jordan -586 -539
Persian Period Jordan -539 -332
Early Hellenistic Period Jordan -332 -167
Late Hellenistic Period Jordan -167 -63
Hasmonean Period Jordan -167 -37
Herodian Period Jordan -37 70
Early Roman Period Jordan -63 132
Middle Roman Period Jordan 132 250
Late Roman Period Jordan 132 324
Byzantine Period Jordan 324 638
Early Islamic Period Jordan 638 1099
Ummayyad/Abbasid Periods Jordan 638 1099
Frankish/Ayyubid Periods Jordan 1099 1291
Later Islamic Period Jordan 1291 1516
Fatimid/Mameluke Periods Jordan 1291 1516
Ottoman Period Jordan 1516 1917
PPNA Israel -6000 -5000
PPNB Israel -5000 -4500
EB I Israel -3500 -3000
EB II Israel -3000 -2700
EB III Israel -2700 -2200
EB IV Israel -2200 -2000
IB Israel -2200 -2000
MB I Israel -2000 -1800
MB II Israel -1800 -1650
MB III Israel -1650 -1500
LB I Israel -1500 -1400
LB II Israel -1400 -1200
IA I Israel -1200 -1000
IA IIA Israel -1000 -900
IA IIB Israel -900 -700
IA IIC Israel -700 -586
PPNA Jordan -6000 -5000
PPNB Jordan -5000 -4500
EB I Jordan -3500 -3000
EB II Jordan -3000 -2700
EB III Jordan -2700 -2200
EB IV Jordan -2200 -2000
IB Jordan -2200 -2000
MB I Jordan -2000 -1800
MB II Jordan -1800 -1650
MB III Jordan -1650 -1500
LB I Jordan -1500 -1400
LB II Jordan -1400 -1200
IA I Jordan -1200 -1000
IA IIA Jordan -1000 -900
IA IIB Jordan -900 -700
IA IIC Jordan -700 -586
Ceramic Neolithic A Lebanon -6000 -5000
Ceramic Neolithic B Lebanon -5000 -4500
Chalcolithic Lebanon -4500 -3500
Early Bronze Age I Lebanon -3500 -3000
Early Bronze Age II Lebanon -3000 -2700
Early Bronze Age III Lebanon -2700 -2200
Early Bronze Age IV Lebanon -2200 -2000
Intermediate Bronze Age Lebanon -2200 -2000
Middle Bronze Age I Lebanon -2000 -1800
Middle Bronze Age II Lebanon -1800 -1650
Middle Bronze Age III Lebanon -1650 -1500
Late Bronze Age I Lebanon -1500 -1400
Late Bronze Age II Lebanon -1400 -1200
Iron Age I (IA I) Lebanon -1200 -1000
Iron Age IIA Lebanon -1000 -900
Iron Age IIB Lebanon -900 -700
Iron Age IIC Lebanon -700 -586
Neo Babylonian Period Lebanon -586 -539
Persian Period Lebanon -539 -332
Early Hellenistic Period Lebanon -332 -200
Late Hellenistic Period Lebanon -200 -63
Early Roman Period Lebanon -63 138
Middle Roman Period Lebanon 138 250
Late Roman Period Lebanon 250 324
Byzantine Period Lebanon 324 638
Early Islamic Period Lebanon 638 1099
Ummayyad/Abbasid Periods Lebanon 638 1099
Frankish/Ayyubid Periods Lebanon 1099 1291
Later Islamic Period Lebanon 1291 1516
Fatimid/Mameluke Periods Lebanon 1291 1516
Ottoman Period Lebanon 1516 1917
Ceramic Neolithic A Syria -6000 -5000
Ceramic Neolithic B Syria -5000 -4500
Chalcolithic Syria -4500 -3500
Early Bronze Age I Syria -3500 -3000
Early Bronze Age II Syria -3000 -2700
Early Bronze Age III Syria -2700 -2200
Early Bronze Age IV Syria -2200 -2000
Intermediate Bronze Age Syria -2200 -2000
Middle Bronze Age I Syria -2000 -1800
Middle Bronze Age II Syria -1800 -1650
Middle Bronze Age III Syria -1650 -1500
Late Bronze Age I Syria -1500 -1400
Late Bronze Age II Syria -1400 -1200
Iron Age I (IA I) Syria -1200 -1000
Iron Age IIA Syria -1000 -900
Iron Age IIB Syria -900 -700
Iron Age IIC Syria -700 -586
Neo Babylonian Period Syria -586 -539
Persian Period Syria -539 -332
Early Hellenistic Period Syria -332 -200
Late Hellenistic Period Syria -200 -63
Early Roman Period Syria -63 138
Middle Roman Period Syria 138 250
Late Roman Period Syria 250 324
Byzantine Period Syria 324 638
Early Islamic Period Syria 638 1099
Ummayyad/Abbasid Periods Syria 638 1099
Frankish/Ayyubid Periods Syria 1099 1291
Later Islamic Period Syria 1291 1516
Fatimid/Mameluke Periods Syria 1291 1516
Ottoman Period Syria 1516 1917
PPNA Lebanon -6000 -5000
PPNB Lebanon -5000 -4500
EB I Lebanon -3500 -3000
EB II Lebanon -3000 -2700
EB III Lebanon -2700 -2200
EB IV Lebanon -2200 -2000
IB Lebanon -2200 -2000
MB I Lebanon -2000 -1800
MB II Lebanon -1800 -1650
MB III Lebanon -1650 -1500
LB I Lebanon -1500 -1400
LB II Lebanon -1400 -1200
IA I Lebanon -1200 -1000
IA IIA Lebanon -1000 -900
IA IIB Lebanon -900 -700
IA IIC Lebanon -700 -586
PPNA Syria -6000 -5000
PPNB Syria -5000 -4500
EB I Syria -3500 -3000
EB II Syria -3000 -2700
EB III Syria -2700 -2200
EB IV Syria -2200 -2000
IB Syria -2200 -2000
MB I Syria -2000 -1800
MB II Syria -1800 -1650
MB III Syria -1650 -1500
LB I Syria -1500 -1400
LB II Syria -1400 -1200
IA I Syria -1200 -1000
IA IIA Syria -1000 -900
IA IIB Syria -900 -700
IA IIC Syria -700 -586
Pottery Neolithic Turkey -6900 -6400
Chalcolithic Turkey -6400 -3000
Early Bronze Age Turkey -3000 -2000
Middle Bronze Age Turkey -2000 -1600
Late Bronze Age Turkey -1600 -1200
Iron Age I Turkey -1200 -850
Iron Age II Turkey -850 -700
Iron Age III Turkey -700 -547
Persian Period Turkey -547 -333
Early Hellenistic Period Turkey -333 -235
Middle Hellenistic Period Turkey -235 -187
Late Hellenistic Period Turkey -187 -133
Roman Republic Turkey -133 -31
Early Roman Period Turkey -31 138
Middle Roman Period Turkey 138 250
Late Roman Period Turkey 250 324
Byzantine Period Turkey 324 1453
Ottoman Period Turkey 1453 1922
EB Turkey -3000 -2000
MB Turkey -2000 -1600
LB Turkey -1600 -1200
IA I Turkey -1200 -850
IA II Turkey -850 -700
IA III Turkey -700 -547