Periods

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Name Location Start Date End Date Actions
Early Cypriot Cyprus -2300 -1950
Late Cypriot III Cyprus -1200 -1050
Roman Cyprus -30 330
British Cyprus 1878 1960
Achaemenid Persian Period Israel -539 -332
Late Roman/Early Byzantine Cyprus 330 647
Early Bronze Age I Israel -3500 -3000
Early Bronze Age II Israel -3000 -2700
Early Bronze Age III Israel -2700 -2200
Early Bronze Age IV Israel -2200 -2000
Middle Bronze Age I Israel -2000 -1800
Middle Bronze Age II Israel -1800 -1650
Middle Bronze Age III Israel -1650 -1500
Late Bronze Age I Israel -1500 -1400
Late Bronze Age II Israel -1400 -1200
Iron Age I Israel -1200 -1000
Iron Age IIB Israel -900 -700
Iron Age IIC Israel -700 -586
Early Bronze Age IV Jordan -2200 -2000
Predynastic Egypt -6000 -3150
Ceramic Neolithic A Israel -6000 -5000
Ceramic Neolithic B Israel -5000 -4500
Ceramic Neolithic B Jordan -5000 -4500
Early Chalcolithic Cyprus -4000 -3400
Middle Chalcolithic Cyprus -3600 -2700
Late Chalcolithic Cyprus -2700 -2400
Chalcolithic Israel -4500 -3500
Early Dynastic Egypt -3150 -2663
Philia Cyprus -2400 -2300
Old Kingdom Egypt -2663 -2181
First Intermediate Period Egypt -2181 -2040
Intermediate Bronze Age Israel -2200 -2000
Middle Cypriot III/Late Cypriot I Cyprus -1750 -1450
Middle Kingdom Egypt -2040 -1782
Second Intermediate Period Egypt -1782 -1570
Late Cypriot II A-B Cyprus -1450 -1325
New Kingdom Egypt -1570 -1070
Iron Age IIA Israel -1000 -900
Neo-Babylonian Period Israel -586 -539
Late Period Egypt -525 -332
Hellenistic I Cyprus -310 -150
Hellenistic II Cyprus -150 -30
Early Hellenistic Period Israel -332 -167
Late Hellenistic Period Israel -167 -63
Hasmonean Period Israel -167 -37
Early Roman Period Egypt -31 135
Middle Roman Period Egypt 135 250
Middle Roman Period Israel 132 250
Late Roman Period Egypt 250 330
Herodian Period Israel -37 70
Late Byzantine Cyprus 965 1191
Early Islamic Period Egypt 641 1100
Ummayyad/Abbasid Periods Israel 638 1099
Frankish Cyprus 1191 1489
Venetian Cyprus 1489 1571
Frankish/Ayyubid Periods Israel 1099 1291
Later Islamic Period Israel 1291 1516
Ottoman Cyprus 1571 1878
Ottoman Period Israel 1516 1917
Middle Bronze Age I Jordan -2000 -1800
Middle Bronze Age II Jordan -1800 -1650
Middle Bronze Age III Jordan -1650 -1500
Late Bronze Age I Jordan -1500 -1400
Cypro-Geometric I Cyprus -1050 -950
Cypro-Geometric II Cyprus -950 -900
Cypro-Geometric III Cyprus -900 -750
Cypro-Archaic I Cyprus -750 -600
Cypro-Archaic II Cyprus -600 -480
Cypro-Classical I Cyprus -480 -400
Cypro-Classical II Cyprus -400 -310
Late Cypriot IIC Cyprus -1325 -1200
Middle Cypriot I-II Cyprus -1950 -1750
Byzantine Israel 324 638
Arab Conflict/Co-Regency Cyprus 647 965
Late Bronze Age II Jordan -1400 -1200
Iron Age I Jordan -1200 -1000
Middle Bronze Age Israel -2000 -1500
Iron Age IIB Jordan -900 -700
Iron Age IIC Jordan -700 -586
Achaemenid Persian Period Lebanon -539 -332
Early Bronze Age I Lebanon -3500 -3000
Early Bronze Age II Lebanon -3000 -2700
Early Bronze Age III Lebanon -2700 -2200
Early Bronze Age IV Lebanon -2200 -2000
Middle Bronze Age I Lebanon -2000 -1800
Middle Bronze Age II Lebanon -1800 -1650
Middle Bronze Age III Lebanon -1650 -1500
Late Bronze Age I Lebanon -1500 -1400
Late Bronze Age II Lebanon -1400 -1200
Iron Age IIC Lebanon -700 -586
Early Bronze Age I Syria -3500 -3000
Early Bronze Age II Syria -3000 -2700
Middle Bronze Age I Syria -2000 -1800
Middle Bronze Age II Syria -1800 -1650
Middle Bronze Age III Syria -1650 -1500
Ceramic Neolithic B Syria -5000 -4500
Chalcolithic Lebanon -4500 -3500
Chalcolithic Syria -4500 -3500
Intermediate Bronze Age Lebanon -2200 -2000
Iron Age IIA Jordan -1000 -900
Iron Age IIA Lebanon -1000 -900
Neo-Babylonian Period Jordan -586 -539
Neo Babylonian Period Lebanon -586 -539
Early Hellenistic Period Jordan -332 -167
Early Hellenistic Period Lebanon -332 -200
Late Hellenistic Period Jordan -167 -63
Late Hellenistic Period Lebanon -200 -63
Hasmonean Period Jordan -167 -37
Early Roman Period Jordan -63 132
Middle Roman Period Jordan 132 250
Middle Roman Period Lebanon 138 250
Late Roman Period Jordan 132 324
Late Roman Period Lebanon 250 324
Herodian Period Jordan -37 70
Byzantine Period Jordan 324 638
Byzantine Period Lebanon 324 638
Early Islamic Period Jordan 638 1099
Ummayyad/Abbasid Periods Jordan 638 1099
Ummayyad/Abbasid Periods Lebanon 638 1099
Frankish/Ayyubid Periods Jordan 1099 1291
Frankish/Ayyubid Periods Lebanon 1099 1291
Later Islamic Period Jordan 1291 1516
Later Islamic Period Lebanon 1291 1516
Ottoman Period Jordan 1516 1917
Ottoman Period Lebanon 1516 1917
Late Bronze Age II Syria -1400 -1200
Iron Age IIC Syria -700 -586
Early Bronze Age I Jordan -3500 -3000
Early Bronze Age II Jordan -3000 -2700
Early Bronze Age III Jordan -2700 -2200
Ceramic Neolithic A Lebanon -6000 -5000
Iron Age I Lebanon -1200 -1000
Achaemenid Persian Period Jordan -539 -332
Iron Age III/Archaic Period Turkey -700 -547
Achaemenid Persian Period Syria -539 -332
Ceramic Neolithic Cyprus -4600 -4000
Ceramic Neolithic A Jordan -6000 -5000
Ceramic Neolithic A Syria -6000 -5000
Pottery Neolithic Turkey -6900 -6400
Chalcolithic Jordan -4500 -3500
Chalcolithic Turkey -6400 -3000
Intermediate Bronze Age Jordan -2200 -2000
Early Bronze Age Turkey -3000 -2000
Middle Bronze Age Turkey -2000 -1600
Late Bronze Age Turkey -1600 -1200
Third Intermediate Period Egypt -1069 -525
Iron Age I Turkey -1200 -850
Neo Babylonian Period Syria -586 -539
Iron Age II Turkey -850 -700
Iron Age III Turkey -700 -547
Early Hellenistic Period Syria -332 -200
Early Hellenistic Period Turkey -333 -235
Late Hellenistic Period Syria -200 -63
Late Hellenistic Period Turkey -187 -133
Middle Hellenistic Period Turkey -235 -187
Early Roman Period Israel -63 132
Early Roman Period Lebanon -63 138
Early Roman Period Syria -63 138
Middle Roman Period Syria 138 250
Middle Roman Period Turkey 138 250
Late Roman Period Israel 132 324
Late Roman Period Syria 250 324
Late Roman Period Turkey 250 324
Byzantine Period Syria 324 638
Byzantine Period Turkey 324 1453
Early Islamic Period Israel 638 1099
Early Islamic Period Lebanon 638 1099
Early Islamic Period Syria 638 1099
Ummayyad/Abbasid Periods Syria 638 1099
Frankish/Ayyubid Periods Syria 1099 1291
Later Islamic Period Syria 1291 1516
Ottoman Period Syria 1516 1917
Ottoman Period Turkey 1453 1922
Fatimid/Mamluk Periods Israel 1291 1516
Fatimid/Mamluk Periods Jordan 1291 1516
Fatimid/Mamluk Periods Lebanon 1291 1516
Fatimid/Mamluk Periods Syria 1291 1516
Ptolemaic Period Egypt -332 -31
Iron Age IIB Lebanon -900 -700
Early Bronze Age III Syria -2700 -2200
Early Bronze Age IV Syria -2200 -2000
Iron Age I Syria -1200 -1000
Iron Age IIA Syria -1000 -900
Iron Age IIB Syria -900 -700
Intermediate Bronze Age Syria -2200 -2000
Late Bronze Age I Syria -1500 -1400
Early Roman II Turkey -31 138
Early Roman I Turkey -133 -31
Late Cypriot period Cyprus -1500 -1050
Ceramic Neolithic B Lebanon -5000 -4500
Achaemenid Persian Period Turkey -547 -333
Late Cypriot IIIA Cyprus -1200 -1100
Late Cypriot IIIB Cyprus -1100 -1050
Byzantine Egypt 330 641
Hellenistic Period Israel -332 -37
Roman Period Egypt 31 330
Early Islamic Turkey 900 1100
Early Medieval Turkey 1100 1453
Late Bronze Age Israel -1500 -1200
Iron Age Israel -1200 -586
Cypro-Classical Period Cyprus -480 -310
Early Roman period Cyprus -30 150
Middle Roman Period Cyprus 150 330
Hellenistic Period Turkey -333 -133
Roman Turkey -133 324
Hellenistic Cyprus -330 -31
Early Bronze Age Israel -3500 -2000