Name, Origin, Date

Show more

Acre Ware

Israel/Northern Coasta...

1191 CE - 1489 CE

Crusader-Frankish/Ayyu...

General Information

Show more
'Acre Ware' has been distinguished as a true Crusader production that dominates the twelfth and mainly the thirteenth century ceramic assemblages found in the Acre ('Akko) excavations (Stern 2012:34–38, type AC.PL). Production apparently ceased with the fall of Crusader Acre to the Mamluks in 1291. This was an all-purpose plain ware that potters used for many forms—from tableware to kraters, jugs, juglets, jars, basins, antilia (saqiye) jars, oil lamps, money boxes, vessels for sugar production, water pipes and zoomorphic vessels. The ‘Acre bowl’ form was the most typical and frequent bowl found in large quantities in the Hospitaller Compound, was probably intended for individual dining of the pilgrims and sick that were under their care...

Bowl
'Akko/Acre
12th-13th c. CE
Crusader-Frankish/Ayyubid/early Mamluk


Lid
'Akko/Acre
12th-13th c. CE
Crusader-Frankish/Ayyubid/early Mamluk


Krater
'Akko/Acre
12th-13th c. CE
Crusader-Frankish/Ayyubid/early Mamluk


Jar
'Akko/Acre
12th-13th c. CE
Crusader-Frankish/Ayyubid/early Mamluk

Break Photos  0

Petrographic Samples  4




1099 CE - 1291 CE
Frankish (Crusader) period

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL




12th - 13th centuries CE
Frankish (Crusader) period

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL




1099 CE - 1291 CE
Frankish (Crusader) period

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL




12th-13th cen. CE
Frankish

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL

Description

Show more

The fabric is coarse and gritty. The color varies from red (2.5 YR 5/6-8) and yellowish red (5 YR 5/6) to brown (7.5 YR 5/3-4) and dark brown (7.5 YR 4/2-3-4) with some black and/or limestone grits and inclusions and/or sand and /or white spots due to vitrification. The vessels have a light-colored exterior that ranges from white (2.5 Y 8/2) to light red (2.5 YR 6/6), very pale brown (10 YR 7/3) or light reddish brown (2.5 YR 5-6/4). This lighter colored exterior was apparently achieved by di...

Earlier/Alternative Names

Site Distribution

'Akko/Acre (Israel/Northern Coastal Plain)

Associated Kilns/Workshops

Bibliography

Show more
  1. Stern Edna J. ‘Akko I: The 1991–1998 Excavations; The Crusader-Period Pottery . IAA Reports 51. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority, 2012

Discussion/Acknowledgements