Ware/Ware Family: Persian-Hellenistic southern Phoenician plain ware

Name, Origin, Date

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Persian-Hellenistic so...

Israel/Central Coastal...

c. 500 BCE - 1st c. BCE

Iron Age III/Achaemeni...

General Information

This ware family encompasses a broad array of plain, undecorated, non-cooking wares produced along the southern Phoenician coast from Sidon/Sarepta in Lebanon to the area around Jaffa on the central Israeli coast. A wide range of utilitarian shapes were manufactured, including large jars for transport and storage (Persian-period torpedo jars, Hellenistic-period baggy jars with rounded, squared, and straight rims), mortaria, large bowls with ledge rim (sometimes called lekane or krater), small bowls, and lamps.

Grinding bowl/mortarium
Horbat Zefat 'Adi
6th - 4th c. BCE
Achaemenid Persian


Jar, torpedo-style
Horbat Zefat 'Adi
6th - 4th c. BCE
Achaemenid Persian


Jar
Qedesh
539 BCE - 332 BCE
Achaemenid Persian


Grinding bowl/mortarium
Qedesh
1200 BCE - 332 BCE
Iron Age, Achaemenid Persian

Break Photos  27

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Jar
Tel Dor


Lamp
Tel Dor


Lamp
Tel Dor


Lamp
Tel Dor

Petrographic Samples  16

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6th - 4th c. BCE

Magnification:
50X
Polarized Light?
XPL





Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL




Persian Period

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL




Persian Period

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL

Description

Moderately hard, very granular fabric fired pink-orange (5YR 6/8-7/8) often with a wide gray core (5YR 6/1). Many tiny to small rounded white inclusions that are often pocked through the slip, making the surfaces of vessels appear porous. Sometimes surfaces were left plain, so that the exterior and interior are the same color; other times vessels were covered with a thin saltwater wash or a thick, matte, white slip.

Earlier/Alternative Names

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Phoenician White Ware (Berlin 1997), Carmel Coast Plain Ware, South Carmel Coastal Light Fabri...

Site Distribution

Horbat Zefat 'Adi (Israel/Northern Coastal Plain)

Khirbet esh-Shuhara (Israel/Galilee)

Bibliography

Discussion/Acknowledgements