Petrofabric: Israel/Carmel Coast/calcareous clay/quartz and tuff

Name, Origin, & Material

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Israel/Carmel Coast/ca...

Israel/Carmel coastal ...

Hamra, alluvium clay

Sand dunes, Calcareous...

General Information

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The Carmel coastal plain is a narrow strip stretching between the Haifa Bay in the north and the southern tip of the Carmel ridge on the south. In the Iron Age its principal site was the port towns of Mevorakh, Dor and Shiqmona. Tel Nami of the Late Bronze Age also produced vessesl of the same petro-fabric.

The Carmel coast is characterized by calcareous aeolianite sandstone of the upper Pleistocene ridges and red loamy soils (hamra). Sites on the Carmel cost are surrounded by alluvial sediments that include clay, coastal sand and eroded limestone from the Carmel. In the vicinity of Dor, several geological cores reveal that beneath the coastal sand lie brown sandy clay units dated to the end of the Pleistocene and the beginning ...


Amphora
Tel Dor
1100 - 850 BCE
Iron Age IB, Iron Age II

There is no image.

Cooking pot
Dor, Shipwreck 06-1

Break Photos  33

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Jar
Tel Dor
1200 BCE - 1000 BCE
Iron Age I


Tel Dor
late 8th / early 7th century

Petrographic Samples  36

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1200 BCE - 1000 BCE
Early Iron Age

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL




1200 BCE - 1000 BCE
Early Iron Age

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL

There is no image.



Early Iron Age IA-Iron Age IA/B





Iron Age IB-Iron Age IIA

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL

Description

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The clay is carbonatic, silty (~10%), tan in PPL with some iron oxides. The silt is mostly quartz but also contains some feldspars and shell fragments. The inclusions consist mainly of well-sorted sub-angular quartz sand (~30% up to 200 µm), and poorly-sorted limestone and tuffs. Also seen are aeolianite sandstone (kurkar) fragments that are eroded, algae fragments, foraminiferal-chalk, seashells and other micro-fauna. Sometimes fine dolomite sand also appears. 

The Carmel coastal plain is a narrow strip stretching between the Haifa Bay in the north and the southern tip of the Carmel ridge on the south. In the Iron Age its principal site was the port towns of Mevorakh, Dor and Shiqmona. Tel Nami of the Late Bronze Age also produced vessesl of the same petro-fabric.

The Carmel coast is characterized by calcareous aeolianite sandstone of the upper Pleistocene ridges and red loamy soils (hamra). Sites on the Carmel cost are surrounded by alluvi...

Associated Wares/Ware Families

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c. 500 BCE - 1st c. BCE

Iron Age III/Achaemenid Persian, Achaemenid Persian, Hellenistic, Hellenistic, Early Roman, Early Roman


1200 BCE - 1130 BCE

Iron Age I


1000-800 BCE

Iron Age


Associated Kilns/Workshops

Site Distribution

'Ein Hagit (Israel/Carmel Mountains)

Dor, Shipwreck 06-1 (Israel/Carmel coastal plain)

Tel Dor (Israel/Carmel coastal plain)

Tel Mevorakh (Israel/Carmel coastal plain)

Tel Zeror (Israel/Central Coastal Plain)

Tell Keisan (Israel/Northern Coastal Plain)

Tell Qasile (Israel/Central Coastal Plain)

Bibliography

Discussion/Acknowledgements