Ware/Ware Family: Phoenician Semi-Fine ware

Name, Origin, Date

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Phoenician Semi-Fine ware

Lebanon/Southern Coast

6th century BCE - 1st ...

Iron Age III/Achaemeni...

General Information

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Phoenician semi-fine is a long-lived ware used primarily for table vessels, perfume containers and jars. Identical shapes occur in two visually distinct fabric groups. The first is dense and chalky, almost powdery, somewhat soft, with very fine white and red inclusions. The second is more granular, with small and occasional medium angular lime inclusions and quartz sand. Both are usually fully fired. Petrographic analysis of the first, chalky variant found shell inclusions, suggesting coastal production; visual and tactile comparison with vessels from Tyre suggest an origin around that city (Patricia Bikai, pers. comm.). Most of the vessels from around the city of ‘Akko occur in the second, more granular fabric. One hypothesis is that th...

Perfume bottle/Unguentarium
Gezer
2nd c. BCE
Middle Hellenistic


Juglet
'Akko, Harbor
3rd century BCE - 1st century CE
Hellenistic, Early Roman


Perfume bottle/Unguentarium
Tel Anafa
2nd century BCE
Late Hellenistic


Amphoriskos
Amazia
2nd c. BCE
Middle Hellenistic

Break Photos  46

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Jar
Tel Dor


Amphoriskos
Tel Dor
Late Hellenistic


Jar
Tel Dor
140-50 BCE
Late Hellenistic


Jar
Tel Dor

Petrographic Samples  13

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539 BCE - 332 BCE
Persian

Magnification:
50
Polarized Light?
XPL




3rd century BCE - 1st century CE
Hellenistic

Magnification:
20x
Polarized Light?
PPL




6th - 4th c. BCE

Magnification:
50X
Polarized Light?
PPL




3rd century BCE - 1st century CE

Magnification:
20x
Polarized Light?
PPL

Description

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Vessels are reddish yellow (5YR 4/6-8) to pale brown (7.5YR 6/4-6), often fully fired but sometimes with a barely visible firing core. Most have a clean, dense, chalky, almost powdery texture with very fine white and red inclusions. Some have a more granular texture, with small and occasional medium angular lime inclusions and quartz sand.

Fabric is fairly soft, well-levigated, pale buff to pink in color (5YR 7/4 - 7.5YR 7/6), with a chalky texture. A fine dusty film adheres to the...

Earlier/Alternative Names

Phoenician Semi-Fine A

Site Distribution

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'Akko, Railway Station (Israel/Northern Coastal Plain)

'Akko, Harbor (Israel/Northern Coastal Plain)

Associated Kilns/Workshops

Bibliography

  1. Berlin, Andrea M. Tel Anafa II, i: The Hellenistic and Roman Pottery: The Plain Wares. Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplementary Series 10.2. Ann Arbor, MI: Kelsey Museum of the University of Michigan, 1997 , Page(s) 9-10.

Discussion/Acknowledgements