Ware/Ware Family: Southern Levantine MBA-Iron Age cooking ware

Name, Origin, Date

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Southern Levantine MBA...

Israel/all, Jordan/all

c. 1800 - 500 BCE

Middle Bronze Age II, ...

General Information

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Throughout the southern Levant, beginning in the Middle Bronze Age, and continuing in the Late Bronze and Iron ages, there was a common approach to making vessels for cooking and use over fire. Potters sought iron-rich clays, which have a high tolerance for heat, as opposed to calcareous clays, which tend to break down and crumble with exposure to heat. They increased the strength of the fabric by adding temper of various sorts - calcite, shell, basalt - that facilitated resistance to thermal shock. Since iron-rich terra rossa soils occur throughout these regions, potters were able to use locally available clays. This means that vessels of this long-lived ware family were made in various petro-fabrics. Within this variety of clay sources...

Cooking pot
Khirbet Abu Tabaq
c. 700-550 BCE
Iron Age IIC


Cooking pot
Tel Jemmeh
8th - 7th centuries BCE
Iron Age IIB, Iron Age IIC


Cooking pot
Tel Megiddo East
1250 BCE - 1150 BCE
Late Bronze Age III


Cooking pot
Tell es-Safi/Gath
1300 BCE - 1200 BCE
Late Bronze Age II

Break Photos  5

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Cooking pot
Tel Megiddo East
1250 BCE - 1150 BCE
Late Bronze Age III


Cooking pot
Qedesh
c. 1000-900 BCE
Iron Age IIA


Cooking pot
Arad
8th c. BCE
Iron Age IIB


Cooking pot
Arad
8th c. BCE
Iron Age IIB

Petrographic Samples  57

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c. 700-550 BCE
Iron Age IIC

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL




900-600 BCE
Iron Age

Magnification:
x20
Polarized Light?
XPL




Iron Age IIA

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL




Iron Age IIA

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL

Description

Earlier/Alternative Names

Site Distribution

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Aphek (Israel/Central Coastal Plain)

Arad (Israel/Negev)

Bibliography

  1. Amiran, Ruth. Ancient pottery of the Holy Land: from its beginnings in the Neolithic period to the end of the Iron Age.. Massada Press, 1969

Discussion/Acknowledgements