Petrofabric: Israel/Negev coastal loess

Name, Origin, & Material

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Israel/Negev coastal l...

Israel-Palestinian Aut...

loess

General Information

Clay derived from loess type soils; usually redish calcareous matrix and silt quartz and various amounts of quartz sand and calcareous fragments


Krater
Tel Jemmeh
1400 BCE - 1200 BCE
Late Bronze Age II


Cooking pot
Tel Jemmeh
8th - 7th centuries BCE
Iron Age IIB, Iron Age IIC


Jar
Tel Jemmeh
1500 BCE - 1200 BCE
Late Bronze Age II


Bowl
Tel Jemmeh
4500 BCE - 3500 BCE
Chalcolithic

Break Photos  5

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Cooking pot
Tel Jemmeh
1750 BCE - 1650 BCE
Middle Bronze Age II


Krater
Tel Hadid
c. 18th to mid-20th c. CE
Ottoman


Amphora
Tel Hadid
c. 18th to mid-20th c. CE
Ottoman


Krater
Tel Hadid
c. 18th to mid-20th c. CE
Ottoman

Petrographic Samples  48

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Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL




2700 BCE - 2200 BCE
Early Bronze Age III

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL

There is no image.








Late Bronze Age II

Magnification:
Polarized Light?
XPL

Description

Highly birefringent fabric with rounded quartz beach sand and shell combined with Aeolian quartz silt and accessory minerals. This is often referred to as a coastal "loess" though this petrofabric can also be derived from coastal sediments. Goren et al 2004: Loess with coastal Sand; Cohen-Weinberger 2007: Type K: loess with additional quartz calcareous sand; Ben-Shlomo 2006: Type B1: Coastal Loess; Master 2003: Coastal Loess

Clay derived from loess type soils; usually redish calcareous matrix and silt quartz and various amounts of quartz sand and calcareous fragments

Associated Wares/Ware Families

c. 150 BCE to c. 37 BCE

Middle Hellenistic, Late Hellenistic


late 3rd-mid-1st c. BCE

Middle Hellenistic, Late Hellenistic


Associated Kilns/Workshops

Israel-Palestinian Authority/Southern Coastal Plain



Site Distribution

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Afula (Israel/Jezreel Valley)

Ain el-Hilu (Israel/Galilee)

Megiddo (Israel/Jezreel Valley)

Tel 'Eton (Israel/Shephelah)

Tel Burna (Israel/Shephelah)

Tel Qiri (Israel/Jezreel Valley)

Tel Rehov (Israel/Jordan Valley north)

Bibliography

Discussion/Acknowledgements