Ware/Ware Family

Late Roman D-E/Cypriot Red slip (LRD-E/CRSW)

Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean

Late Roman

4th - 7th centuries CE

Ware/Ware Family: Late Roman D-E/Cypriot Red slip (LRD-E/CRSW)

Ware/Ware Family Name, Origin, and Date

Late Roman D-E/Cypriot Red slip (LRD-E/CRSW)

Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean

4th - 7th centuries CE

Late Roman

General Information

This ware entry, as is demonstrated by its name, encompasses three previously identified wares that have been proven, through research and scientific analyses, to be related. They are Late Roman D (LRD), Late Roman E (LRE) and Cypriot Red Slip Ware (CRS). Late Roman D was first identified by Waagé in Antioch in 1948, and in 1972, Hayes tentatively identified it as a product of Cypriot manufacture and suggested it be renamed Cypriot Red Slip Ware (CRSW). No production sites have been identified on Cyprus, and the large quantities of LRD have been discovered in southern and southwestern Asia Minor, which led Poblome et al. (2001) to conduct chemical analyses on material from Hierapolis, Perge and Sagalassos. In doing so, they concluded that production centers must have existed in Asia Minor and suggested using LRD to name the entire group. The discovery of production sites in southern Asia Minor, specifically the terriroty of Pednelissos, by the Pisidia Survey Project strengthens this idea. It is yet to be determined, however, if the LRD/LRE/CRS material found on Cyprus was manufactured in currently undiscovered Cypriot production centers or in production centers in Asia Minor, but due to the ubiquity of this fine ware, it is highly possible that production centers existed in both places.

This red slipped fine ware was used from at least the end of the fourth century to the seventh century CE, possibly extending into the eighth or early ninth centuries (Armstrong 2009). According to Hayes (1972), LRD/LRE/CRS was used most commonly for only a few shapes: medium-sized dishes, which were most common, small bowls, and large basins. These vessels are usually decorated with rouletting, which may have originated as an imitation of African Red Slip (Hayes 1972, 372). Rims are often grooved, and stamped decoration, if present, was applied to the floor of the vessel. One additional feature, which Hayes (1972) notes is unique to this ware, is the presence of “a single short incised wavy line.”

Earlier/Alternative Names

Cypriot Red Slip

Description

Fabric varies in colour, hardness and porosity, but compared to other fine wares it can normally be easily discerened from all other ceramics save earlier “Cypriot Sigillata” and sometimes Pontic Sigillata/Red Slip. Generally, the ware is fired red, hard with some oblong pores. The characteristic features are slight metallic sheen (though many pieces are mat) and clear traces of burnishing. Two versions are assigned, fine, with few other inclusions than lime and sandy, low fired with buff section. Touma suggests that the sandy variant may have been produced at Amathus. As there is a number of imitation wares, Meyza 2007 suggested that the name of “CRSW” should be used only for the fine variety.

Associated Petro-fabrics
Associated Kilns/Workshops

Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean



Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean



Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean



Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean



Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean



Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean



Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean



Turkey/Eastern Mediterranean



Site Distribution

Paphos, Maloutena (Cyprus/Western South Coast)

Akçapınar Köyü (Turkey/Southwest)

Gebiz (Turkey/Southwest)

Hacıosmanlar Köyü (Turkey/Southwest)

Kadirgürü Mevkiisi (Turkey/Southwest)

Kömbeci Mevkii (Turkey/Southwest)

Vessels
Break Photos
Petrographic Samples
Bibliography
  1. Vandeput, Lutgarde; Köse, Veli. "Pisidia Survey Project 2008: Research in the Territory of Pednelissos" Anatolian Archaeology 14 (2008), 32-33
  2. Vandeput, Lutgarde; Köse, Veli. "Pisidia Survey Project 2009: Pottery and More in the Territory of Pednelissos" Anatolian Archaeology 15 (2009), 31-32
  3. Meyza, Henryk. Nea Paphos V. Cypriot Red Slip Ware: Studies on a Late Roman Levantine Fine Ware. Warsaw: Research Center for Mediterranean Archaeology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 2007
  4. Hayes, John W. Late Roman Pottery. Rome: British School at Rome, 1972
  5. Kenkel, Frauke. "The Cypriot Red Slip Ware and its Derivatives from Pednelissos in Pisidia" in Çanak: Late Antique and Medieval Pottery and Tiles in Mediterranean Archaeological Context, ed(s). Beate Böhlendorf-Arslan, Ali O. Uysal, Johanna Witte-Orr. Byzas 7. Istanbul: Veröffentlichungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, 2007, 131-145
  6. Poblome, Jeroen; Fırat, Nalan. "Late Roman D. A Matter of Open(ing) or Closed Horizons?" in LRFW 1. Late Roman Fine Wares. Solving Problems of Typology and Chronology, ed(s). Miguel Á. Cau, Paul Reynolds, Michel Bonifay. Roman and Late Antique Mediterranean Pottery 1. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2011, 49-55
  7. Daszkiewicz, Małgorzata; Raabe, Jerzy. "Cypriot Sigillata and Cypriot Red Slip Ware - A Preliminary Report on Technological Investigations" in Hellenistic and Roman Pottery in the Eastern Mediterranean: Advances in Scientific Studies. Acts of the II Nieborow Pottery Workshop, Nieborow, 18-20 Dezember 1993, ed(s). Henryk Meyza, Yolanta Młynarczyk. Warsaw: Research Center for Mediterranean Archaeology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 1995, 183-202
  8. Daszkiewicz,Małgorzata; Schneider, Gerwulf; Raabe, Jerzy. "Cypriot Sigillata and Cypriot Red Slip Wares - A Comparison of Technological and Chemical Analysis and of Thin Section Studies" in Fourth Euro-Ceramics Volume 14: The Cultural Ceramic Heritage, 3rd European Meeting on Ancient Ceramics, ed(s). Bruno Fabbri. Faenza, Italy: Gruppo editoriale faenza editrice, 1995, 151-171
  9. Daszkiewicz, Małgorzata; and Schneider, Gerwulf. "Chemical Composition of Cypriot Red Slip Wares from Kourion and Nea Paphos" Polish Archaeology in the Mediterranean IX (1997), 139-143
  10. Rautman, Marcus, M. "Neutron Activation Analysis of Cypriot and Related Ceramics at the University of Missouri" in Hellenistic and Roman Pottery in the Eastern Mediterranean: Advances in Scientific Studies, ed(s). Henryk Meyza; Yolanta Młynarczyk. Warsaw: Research Center for Mediterranean Archaeology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 1995, 331-349
  11. Jackson, Mark; Zelle, Michael; Vandeput, Lutgarde; Köse, Veli. "Primary Evidence for Late Roman D Ware Production in Southern Asia Minor: A Challenge to ‘Cypriot Red Slip Ware’" Anatolian Studies 62 (2012), 89-114
Acknowledgements