Kiln/Workshop

Shikhin lamp kiln

1st-2nd c. CE

Roman

Kiln/Workshop: Shikhin lamp kiln

Kiln/Workshop Name, Date BCE/CE, and Location

Shikhin lamp kiln

1st-2nd c. CE

Roman

Shikhin

Israel/Galilee


Cooking ware bowl, Lamp, and Lamp mold

General Information

In 2017, excavations uncovered remains of a small kiln for firing lamps and other small vessels. The kiln was roughly circular in shape, measuring just 80 cm in diameter. The uppermost stones lay about 22 cm below surface, showing that much of the kiln was damaged. A circular wall of fieldstones of varying thickness held the coarse interior bricks that were 2 cm thick. Their interior surface was covered with a 1 cm thick layer of clay. We estimate that the kiln stood around 150 cm high. In the centre of the installation stood a pillar made of three ceramic discs 18 cm in diameter and c. 10 cm thick stacked one on top of the other, around 30 cm in total. These appear to be specially made. Damaged remains of a thin mud floor near the southern side of the pillar survived. The higher floor of the firing chamber rested on the uppermost brick. The remains of a flue for controlling the temperature of the kiln (22.5 cm wide × 14 cm long) protruded from the kiln’s wall.

Associated Wares/Ware Families
Associated Petro-fabrics
Vessels
Break Photos
Petrographic Samples
Bibliography
  1. Strange, James Riley; Aviam, Mordechai. "Shiḥim Excavation Project: Oil Lamp Production at Ancient Shiḥim" Strata 35 (2017), 63-99
Acknowledgements

Excavations at Shikhin were directed by James R. Strange, Charles Jackson Granade and Elizabeth Donald Granade Associate Professor of New Testament Department of Religion, Samford University, and Dr. Mordechai Aviam, Kinneret Institute for Galilean Archaeology, Kinneret Academic College, Israel.